Information Technology Consulting (IT Consulting) is the practice of providing advice to organizations on the most effective use of technology for the achievement of business objectives. A consultant provides the necessary expertise to achieve the desired outcomes for the organization. An IT consultant may also be a member of the management team or a consultant can work independently. The practice is a part of the management profession. While this type of consulting involves a range of activities, it primarily focuses on advising organizations on how best to use technology.